THE SEVENTH GRADE children are entering puberty.  To help them cross this threshold, the curriculum takes them to civilizations of people who share their mood of soul..  Two subjects addressing these areas are English and history.  The history block of the Renaissance and Reformation really begins modern times with a dauntless quest into the unknown that is also akin to the seventh graders’ soul mood. Allegiance to traditional authority no longer holds sway. Individualism overcomes feudalism, as personified by Joan of Arc and Galileo.  Human capacities are limitless as epitomized by Leonardo Da Vinci.  The emphasis of history and geography is on Europe, the lives of the early explorers, and the colonization of many parts of the world.

Mathematics introduces algebra, including negative numbers, venturing into mathematical thinking that has no relation to physical perceptions.  This makes real demands on the children’s imaginative powers.  Square and cube root and geometry are introduced.

Mechanics begins in physics with the lever principle as found in the human arm.  Children learn basic mechanical concepts and their application in the machinery of ancient and modern times.  Inorganic chemistry is introduced as a study of the combustion process.  From the beautiful legend of the bringing of fire to earth by Prometheus to a study of combustion in the human organism in the digestive processes, fire can be observed externally in the breaking down of substances by oxidation.  Physiology is introduced as the study of life processes in man:  blood circulation, respiration, and nutrition in connection with digestion, health, and hygiene.